Apa itu Margin Trading ? Panduan Lengkap untuk Pemula

[REVIEW] DEGIRO: untuk orang Indonesia dengan domisili Eropa yang tertarik dengan ETF

Halo halo! Mungkin ini agak OOT karena kasusnya untuk di luar Indonesia, tapi saya rasa informasi ini mungkin berguna untuk orang-orang Indonesia yang sedang merantau ke Eropa (dan sepertinya cukup banyak redittor Indonesia yang berdomisili di luar). Saya sendiri berharap ada informasi seperti ini ketika saya memutuskan untuk memulai investasi tahun lalu.
Tahun lalu ketika saya memutuskan untuk investasi, saya mencari informasi di sub eupersonalfinance. Saya kemudian memutuskan untuk investasi di ETF. Untuk yang belum tahu tentang ETF, itu adalah semacam saham index. Kalau sudah pernah dengar tentang Vanguard, produk mereka sebenarnya adalah ETF. Setelah itu saya harus membuat pilihan mengenai broker yang akan saya gunakan. Saat itu ada beberapa broker yang saya pertimbangkan:
IB adalah pilihan yang menarik karena mereka sebenarnya sudah cukup establish, sayangnya inactivity fee mereka cukup tinggi sehingga tidak cocok untuk yang modal kecil (di bawah EUR 25,000). Trading212 cukup menarik tapi sepertinya kurang banyak review yang meyakinkan. Untuk eToro sendiri sebenarnya cukup menarik terutama karena mereka marketingnya cukup agresif, dan ide social trading membuat ide investasi menjadi lebih gamified dan mudah diakses. Sayangnya seperti-nya fee structurenya kurang jelas sehingga saya pun menghindari jasa mereka. Pilihan saya jatuh kepada DEGIRO. Memang saat itu saya mulai investasi dengan teman yang seorang manajer investasi di Blackrock sehingga saya banyak meminta pendapat dia. Kami berdua pun memutuskan untuk memulai portfolio kami di DEGIRO.

Pendaftaran

Proses pendaftaran DEGIRO sendiri cukup straightforward. Karena DEGIRO hanya bekerja dengan bahasa lokal, saya diarahkan oleh CS untuk membuka akun di DEGIRO Irlandia agar bisa menggunakan bahasa Inggris. Kemudian saya harus menambahkan rekening bank. Hampir semua rekening bank di Uni Eropa (IBAN) diterima kecuali beberapa negara seperti: Bulgaria, Kroasia, Siprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta dan Romania. Karena kebetulan rekening bank saya memiliki IBAN Jerman, saya bisa membuka rekening tanpa masalah. DEGIRO juga meminta nomor akun pajak, dan karena saya berdomisili di Italia maka saya juga tidak ada masalah. Saya sempat membaca beberapa masalah tentang nasabah yang berdomisili pajak di negara yang tidak terdaftar, katanya setelah beberapa lama mereka harus menutup rekening dengan DEGIRO dan semua posisi mereka harus dijual. Saya sendiri diminta akun pajak sekitar 8 bulan setelah saya mulai berinvestasi.
Selain masalah domisili dan rekening bank, saya juga harus memilih jenis rekening. Ada 2 jenis rekening: custody dan basic.
Karena saya berminat hanya untuk ETF, saya memutuskan untuk mengambil akun custody.

Biaya

Ada beberapa biaya yang harus diperhatikan ketika menggunakan DEGIRO. Untuk detilnya bisa dicek di link berikut:
Secara umum, fee yang harus diperhatikan adalah:
Keuntungan DEGIRO menurut saya adalah tidak adanya inactivity fee. Selain itu deposit dan withdrawal juga gratis, kuran lebih dalam 3 hari kerja.

Pengalaman

Saya sudah memegang posisi ETF di DEGIRO sejak bulan April 2019. Saya sendiri tidak pernah kena masalah dan semuanya cukup lancar. Spread yang ditawarkan cukup masuk akal, dan trading terjadi real time. Selain itu DEGIRO juga menyediakan aplikasi web dan ponsel yang cukup mudah dimengerti dan dioperasikan. Walaupun demikian, saya rasa ketika kapital saya mencapai 25k EUR mungkin saya juga akan bermigrasi ke IB yang sudah lebih established walaupun lebih mahal.

Posisi

Untuk sekarang ini berikut adalah posisi saya, kalau rekan-rekan tertarik dengan portfolio ETF:
Nama ISIN Ticker Expense Ratio Exchange
iShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets IMI UCITS ETF (Acc) IE00BKM4GZ66 EMIM 0.18% pa Euronext Amsterdam
iShares Core MSCI World UCITS ETF USD (Acc) IE00B4L5Y983 IWDA 0.20% pa Euronext Amsterdam
iShares Nasdaq 100 UCITS ETF (Acc) IE00B53SZB19 CNDX 0.33% pa Euronext Amsterdam
Untuk yang banyak mendengar tentang Vanguard SP500, mungkin akan tertarik dengan CSPX dengan expense ratio 0.07% pa. CSPX adalah produk Blackrock yang mengikuti SP500 dengan tracking error cukup rendah. Alasan saya memilih instrumen tersebut adalah sebagai berikut:
Kalau rekan-rekan perhatikan, semua ETF pilihan saya adalah accumulative yang berarti saya tidak menerima dividen, melainkan dividen akan langsung diinvestasikan kembali di ETF tersebut. Ini saya lakukan sebenarnya karena alasan perpajakan. Expense ratio juga merupakan faktor yang sangat penting dalam pemilihan ETF karena dana ini dimaksudkan sebagai dana pensiun saya sehingga saya memilih biaya sekecil mungkin. Karena ETF sifatnya pasif dan hanya direbalance setahun sekali, biayanya bisa sangat kecil dibandingkan dengan actively managed portfolio.
Semoga bermanfaat! Kalau mungkin disini ada yang tertarik, ini adalah referal link yang akan memberi rekan-rekan gratis 20 EUR transaction credit.
submitted by DefiantAlbatros to finansial [link] [comments]

Investing VS Entrepreneurship

Karena Investing hangat banget disini. Saya jadi terpikir untuk menuliskan sisi lain dari investing agar ada balance yang baik, yaitu entrepreneurship atau invest pada diri sendiri.
Disclaimer: Saya bukan lulusan Ekonomi/Management/Bisnis. Tulisan ini akan lebih ke pengalaman pribadi dan hasil perjalanan mengitari dunia berwirausaha dan Investasi selama beberapa tahun. Tulisan tidak ditujukan untuk memberikan jawaban paling baik melainkan harus dicerminkan kembali ke kondisi anda.
Sebagai awal akan saya ceritakan sedikit background saya. Dulu saya pernah menjalankan usaha, baik personal atau join dengan teman kuliah menjalankan usaha berkali-kali, mungkin bisa disebut kami itu "serial entrepreneur" Dari banyak usaha itu, hanya hitungan satu tangan yang benar" hidup hingga saat ini. Bisa kita akui bahwa teori hanya 50% start-up/company yang bisa beneran berdiri dalam setahun pertama, dan 70% sisanya akan jatuh dalam 5 tahun berikutnya. Sekarang saya sedang melepas dari hidup entrepreneur, mungkin akan kembali dalam satu atau dua tahun ke depan.

Pembahasan ini akan dibagi menjadi:

Entrepreneurship

Pengertian dasar
Singkatnya adalah proses mendesain, merancang, dan menjalankan suatu bisnis. Proses ini dimulai dari sebuah ide, yang kemudian menjadi bisnis nyata yang bertujuan untuk mendapatkan profit. Profit merupakan tujuan akhir dari semua entrepreneurship, bahkan tidak terkecuali untuk social-prenuer yang berlabelkan sosial. Lalu mungkin anda bertanya berapa lazimnya % profit dari sebuah usaha? Ini akan tergantung dari sektor dan jenis usaha dan tempat yang anda pilih untuk menjalankan usaha. Retail mempunyai range profit dari 5% sd 20%. Kuliner cenderung punya nilai net-profit lebih besar ketimbang retail karena proses perubahaan dari bahan baku hingga produk akhir, menyerupai proses produksi pabrik. Sepengalaman saya secara pribadi % profit dari kuliner bisa dari 50% sd 200% dan itu masih tergolong wajar. Mungkin, ini yang menjelaskan mengapa usaha kuliner mewabah beberapa tahun ini.
Modal Utama
Semua orang mungkin berpikir untuk menjadi budak korporat seumur hidup karena berwirausaha itu berat di modal. Tetapi, modal utama dari berwirausaha bukan di uang melainkan lebih condong ke ide/produk, dan SDM. Jika anda seorang business-savy kemungkinan anda pernah mendengarkan reality show dengan label Shark Tank, dan Dragon Den. Yang menjadi juri disini adalah seorang pebisnis handal, yang dinilai disini bukan uang modal awal mereka, tetapi seberapa realistic dan visible baik secara produk dan SDM ketika pitching. Ketika produk bagus tapi SDM mereka jelek dalam menghantarkan produk, mereka gagal. Ketika SDM bagus tapi produk memang jelek, mereka juga gagal.
Pros & Cons
Pros:
- Margin profit diatur sendiri.
- Kepemilikan usaha pribadi.
- Pergerakan diatur secara sendiri.
Cons:
- Risk Aversion bias yang harus dilawan.
- Risk tergolong besar.
- Time & attention consuming.

Investing

Pengertian Dasar
Investing merupakan proses membuat uang untuk bekerja untuk anda. Membuat uang berputar untuk menghasilkan uang lainnya. Ada banyak jenis investasi, salah satu yang populer yaitu tabungan berjangka/deposito, saham dan bonds. Lalu seperti halnya Entreprenuer, ada hal yang dicari dari Investing yaitu gain. Lalu apa beda gain dan profit? Profit merupakan pendapatan dari suatu usaha yang beredar, sedangkan gain merupakan keuntungan yang dihasilkan diluar dari kegiatan berbisnis. Kedua ini sering digunakan dalam keseharian untuk saling mengganti, tetapi itu adalah penggunaan istilah yang salah secara accounting. Berapa % gain rata-rata dari sebuah investasi? Pada umumnya investasi berada di 8% gain/year baik secara bonds atau pun stock market. Untuk investasi semacam peer to peer lending atau angel investor valuenya bisa di 0 hingga tak terhingga selama perusahaan masih berdiri.
Modal Utama
Disini uang adalah harga mati untuk modal. Komponen satu-satunya dan terpenting dalam investing ini, merupakan bahan utama untuk mendapatkan gain optimal. Semua orang yang mengejar kebebasan finansial berusaha memaksimalkan gain. Di era sekarang, investasi jauh lebih gampang ketimbang dua dekade dibelakang. Peer to peer lending, stock market, SBR, Angel Investor semakin mudah diakses ketimbang dulu. Tinggal pilih mana yang sesuai dengan tingkat Risk anda.
Pros & Cons
Pros:
- Tersedia opsi yang terjamin.
- Memerlukan time & attention yang tergolong rendah.
- Terdapat beberapa jenis investasi yang bebas pajak.
Cons:
- Gain yang tergolong rendah jika dibandingkan profit.
- Psychological bias bisa membuat investasi menjadi sulit
- Pergerakan lebih cenderung hanya bisa diikuti.

What to Choose?

Secara saya ada belajar Behavior Economics. Otak manusia semakin tua akan semakin Risk Averse, semakin kecil konsekuensi yang berani dia ambil. Maka jika anda masih muda, masih punya tenaga lebih, semangat membara. Build your own empire is your best bet. Jangan cuman mau bikin orang lain kaya saja, tetapi perkaya diri sendiri. Tapi ketika sudah di penghujung kepala 2 atau bersiap untuk berkeluarga mungkin ini adalah pilihan yang nomor kesekian. Ada pertaruhan yang cukup besar di dalamnya, meski itu masih pilihan yang rasional.
Ketika anda sudah cukup berusia atau berkeluarga. Meski anda senang judi, atau taruhan pacuan kuda/bola dan lainnya. Tidak saya sarankan untuk menyimpan uang dengan resiko tinggi seperti money game, valas trade, saham gorengan. Karena pada umur ini anda akan lebih memerlukan uang simpanan dengan sasaran yang tepat seperti Bonds atau Bluechip Stocks. Meski ada yang membuka usaha ketika baru menikah dan kemudian sukses ini hanya sebagian cerita sukses dari begitu banyak cerita kegagalan yang tertimbun.
Tapi, ini semua bukan patokan mati. Jika anda memang ada menyisihkan/budget untuk melakukan trading cepat atau memulai usaha, silahkan! Malah sangat saya sarankan. Pada pebisnis handal tidak kenal usia dalam melemparkan uang mereka untuk membangun bisnis baru atau untuk investasi yang menjanjikan. Jadi jika anda bisa budgeting dengan benar, silahkan lakukan keduanya.

--FIN--

Anyway, ini pertama kalinya saya bikin post panjang di reddit. Biasanya nulis di media lain dengan tema yang berbeda pula. Jadi, any input and recommendation are very welcome.
Extra Note: Min coba diliat deh flairnya. Kyknya ga pas, bukannya: Entrepreneurship
submitted by zen_ao to finansial [link] [comments]

Javanese History Matrix and Trend in Javanese History (Part I)

Charting the Javanese Identity

JAVANESE HISTORY MATRIX

The matrix below is analytical tool, and not a definitive account of the History of Java.

Sultan Agung 1613 to Treaty of Giyanti 1755 Treaty of Giyanti to Java War 1825 Aftermath of Java War to 1965 Impact of 1965 Cataclysm until Reformasi 1998
EXPANSION AND GOVERNMENT
Expansion South Central Java (1613) + Rest of Central Java, Most of East Java and parts of West Java (1755) Mataram Sultanate Most of Java, Spice Islands, Manado, Bengkulu and (1755) + North Sulawesi and South Sumatra (1825) VOC -Netherlands Most of Java, Spice Islands, North Sulawesi, Bengkulu, South Sumatra (1825) Netherlands / Rest of Indonesia Except Papua Indonesia Annexation of Papua
Government Feudal to Centralized Despotism Looser Control until 1800. Greater Centralization From 1800-1825 Centralized Bureaucracy Centralized Bureaucracy
POPULATION AND ECONOMY
Population 3.5 Million (3) 1825 7-8 Million (3) 1940 48 Million 1971 75 Million (3) 2017 149 Million
Population Density Like Kalimantan Today 30 people / km2 1825 60 people / km2 1940 350 / km2 1971 545 / km2 2017 1090 / km2
Urbanization Rate Overwhelming Rural Overwhelming Rural 5% Urbanization in 1930 12% Urbanization in 1971, 40% in 2000, 62% in 2015
Migration Under Sultan Agung to Sabang, Indramayu, Cirebon Negligible Starting from late 1850s migration to Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo Private migration to outer islands. Worker in Middle East, Malaysia-Singapore and East Asia
Economic System Subsistence Farming, Trading Subsistence Farming, Trading Plantation Economy, Industry, Trading Plantation Economy, Industry, Trading
LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
Literacy Estimate <1% Estimate <1% In 1920, 3% for Native Males 0.5% for Females (1) 2018- 92% (2)
Languages Javanese, Javanese-Malay in Pesisir Javanese, Javanese-Malay in Pesisir Javanese-Malay and or Dutch Indonesian - Javanese
RELIGION
Islamicized Pesisir (North Coast) All except for remote mountain areas and Oosthoek All except for remote mountain region Formalization of Islamic practice
Islamization Interior Regions Oosthoek N?A Remote mountain areas
Weak Islamization Oosthoek and remote mountain areas Remote mountain areas Remote mountain areas N/A
Reformist islam N/A Urban Pesisir Pesisir, by mid 19th century move to inland towns All
Christianity N/A Urban Pesisir Protestant Only All of Java, Both Catholic and Protestant Surge in Conversions due to 1965

1For Java and Madura. For natives in the outer islands it was 12% and 3%. In 1930, the literacy rate in Sumatra was 31%, and in Java and Madura 16.2%
2 East Java, Central Java, DIY had some of the lowest literacy rates in Indonesia, and it had to do with the low female literacy rates. The female literacy rate is 90% in 2018 vs 98% in Aceh, West Sumatra. One reason for this is Tanah Java has a higher % of elderly than the rest of Indonesia due to stricter enforcement of family family planning under Suharto and migration. As of 2015 12% of the Javanese Home Provinces is 60 years or older compared to 7% in Sumatra. An older population pulls down the literacy rate.
3 Includes West Java and Madura

TRENDS IN JAVANESE HISTORY 1613-1998

The first two sections, on Expansion and Centralization, and Rise and Fall of Plantation Economy are related in the sense they highlight the importance of elite or vested interest particularly during the earlier colonial period. The last two sections on Malayifcation and Islamization while treated separately, are closely intertwined, which I elaborate when it is relevant.

EXPANSION AND CENTRALIZATION

Whether the occupying entity was the Mataram Sultanate, VOC, the Dutch state or the Republic of Indonesia, from the reign of Sultan Agung to Reformasi 1998 was one of expansion and centralization. In 1613, the Mataram Sultanate occupied a territory that covered only Central Java, by the time Sultan Agung died in 1645, the Mataram Sultanate had controlled all of Java except for Banten, Batavia and part of the Oosthoek. However, the rapid expansion under Sultan Agung and the centralizing administrative reforms introduced by Sultan Agung laid the foundation for the subsequent rebellions and wars of successions that would plague his successors. It was the need for Dutch military assistance and loans to fight these rebellions that indebted the Mataram Sultanate to the VOC. Ironically, the VOC's involvement in the affairs of the Mataram lead to the eventual bankruptcy of the VOC in 1800. Here is the a list of the wars fought between 1613-1755
Outside of the Third Javanese War of Succession, all wars were either wars of conquest or rebellion
There are two views on this period. The first view which is held by most non-Dutch historians was the subsequent rebellions after Sultan Agung was caused poor leadership and lack of islamic spirit by subsequent Mataram rulers. Most Dutch historians and more recent Indonesian historians believe destructive nature of the Sultan conquests and political and administrative structure Sultan Agung had setup in these conquered territories was the source of subsequent grievances.
I take the second view. First the Sultan Agung conquest was devastating for conquered territories, particularly pesisir trading communities and towns. The conquest of Surabaya was very nasty. It involved nine years of war. From 1615-25, five sieges were conducted against Surabaya, and during the last siege they spoiled the water supply and dammed the Brantas River. Secondly, more damaging to the Mataram Sultanate, was the system setup by Sultan Agung to manage conquered territories and rulers.
Prior to Sultan Agung, the Mataram Sultanate operated like Javanese kingdoms before it, when ti conquered lands, the defeated entity would usually become a vassal. However, Sultan Agung reduced the uses of the vassal system, and instead opted a centralized system, where he would appoint an official from the capital, the adipati, to rule the conquered territory, The conquered ruler and much of his family would be moved to the capital often as "hostages" as well as bring captive laborers and craftsmen to build the Mataram capital, as Denys Lombard said the capital became a microcosm of the kingdom
Penguasa Mataram, dimulai Panembahan Hanyakrakusuma, lalu membangun satu sistem -yang disebut de Graaf- pemerintahan paralel: menempatkan seorang adipati sebagai administrator di wilayah taklukan saat penguasa de jure wilayah taklukan tinggal di ibukota Mataram. Keduanya harus tunduk pada perintah penguasa agung di Mataram.
Penempatan beberapa orang-orang taklukan berikut pemimpinnya di ibukota ini bertujuan jelas. Selain untuk memudahkan kontrol atas jajahan, penempatan orang taklukan itu juga untuk memudahkan tersedianya tenaga kerja untuk melakukan apa saja demi kepentingan penguasa.
Trunajaya's rebellion from 1674-80 is often portrayed as an Islamic rebellion against Amangkurat II alliance with the infidels. the VOC. However, the main reason for the revolt had to do with reasons I described above. Trunajaya's father and grandfather were held in such circumstances, and his father was murdered at Amangkurat I‘s court. However, based on written accounts, what Trunajaya want was not to overthrow Amangkurat II, but wanted Amangkurat II to recognize control over his ancestral lands in Madura. Ultimately,,Trunajaya's revolt failed, because the Javanese nobility were reluctant to a Maduraese.
When the Dutch took over from the Mataram Sultanate they continued with the system of adipati, renamed to bupati, and eventually extended it to the outer islands. When Indonesia became independent in 1949, they inherited this system from the Dutch. The centralized system developed under Order Baru was just the system under the Sultan Agung extended throughout the country. Governor and Bupati were often ex-military men, many of them Javanese. The multiethnic elite in Jakarta, in many ways is like the "captured" local elites held by Sultan Agung.
This is recurring theme in Javanese history from 1613-1825, the wars and strife between 1613-1755 was a result of the attempts by Mataram Sultanate to impose centralized control. The VOC restored this equilibrium between 1755-1799. From 1799-1825, the Dutch renewed Agung's attempts at centralization and undermining local elites in their attempts to modernize the system and do away with many of noble privileges. Unfortunately, this was a key factor in causing the Java War. Despite the cruelty of the Cultivation System, because the Dutch brought the local elites into the system

RISE AND FALL OF THE PLANTATION ECONOMY

Like with expansion and centralization of the government structure, the Javanese economy from 1613-1998, went through several stages where the mode of production goes from Feudal (1613-1808), Market experiment (1808-1830), the Semi-Feudal Cultivation System (1830-1873), Market Orientated Liberal and Ethical 1874-1930s and more state intervention after 1949. This section will provide a general overview of the colonial period, while only going into analysis on how it has impacted Javanese identity afterwards. There has been a lot of research on economic history of colonial Java, but most of it is done by Western economic historians. The bulk of the information will come from Colonial state formation and patterns of economic development in Java, 1800-1913 Jan Luiten van Zanden, University of Utrecht, 2010.
Prior to the establishment of the Cultivation System in 1830s, the economic system on Java could be described as feudal.
The period between 1808-1825 that started with Daendels, continued with Raffles and Van der Capellen . These reformers were heavily influenced by the European Enlightenment. While there are differences in what they wanted was to create a system which was.
The policies failed because there was a lack of coin (money) circulating in the local economy), making it difficult for peasants to pay their taxes.. Secondly, these reforms upset the local elites, the village heads and nobility. The impact of this period was largely political-economic, rather the economic There wasn't much change in GDP per capita or in the production of export crops from earlier period.
The after 1830 to 1965, can be divided into two periods, the Cultivation System which lasted from 1830-1873, and period from 1874-1965, which covers Liberal and Ethical period, and first 15 years of independence.
The Cultivation System was a system to use the surplus labor of Javanese peasants to produce export crops through coercion. While the VOC had such a system for Coffee in Priangan region of West Java (all Sunda speaking areas of West Java), it was very limited, with total exports being about 7000 metric tonnes. The reason for abandoning the early reforms from 1799-1825, was as Van den Bosch argued in a memo to King William I in 1829
Because of its distant location, the resulting high transportation costs and the relatively high costs of producing coffee and sugar in Java – the island could not compete with other (Caribbean) colonies on European markets. Moreover, Javanese peasants, because of the richness of their soils and the high yields of rice cultivation, could produce their own subsistence in only a fraction of their labour time; he in fact assumed that 120 days of labour were sufficient for the feeding of a family. The high productivity of rice cultivation also meant that the incentive to switch to coffee (or sugar) was absent
The motive of the Dutch state was to generate revenue to cover the increasing cost of colonial administration, cost of the Java War and Belgium War of Independence in 1830. At one point, transfer from Java covered 3.5% of Dutch GDP and 30% of the Netherlands government budget. It was successful in bringing the local elite (priyayi and village heads) into the system, and restoring the privileges of the priyayi like allowing sons to inherit post).
The consensus was the Cultivation system was a success from 1830-1840s, exports of cash crops like Tobacco, Sugar and Coffee grew by several fold. One reason for its initial success was the introduction of cheap copper coins into the economy. Per capita GDP was stable until the mid 1840s, than you see a drop in per capita consumption. In 1845/46 and 1849/50 there were two famines on Java. You don't see a recovery in per capita consumption until the 1880s.
By 1850, the colonial administration started to introduce market mechanism within the cultivation system, corvee labor was gradually replaced with free wage labor. While the Max Havellar did have an impact in changing colonial policy, the policy had started to change before the book was released in 1860. More favorable conditions begin to emerge in the 1860s that allowed market economy to take root that weren't present in 1820s -- more professional bureaucracy, better infrastructure, European entrepreneurs with capital and larger labor pool due to increased population.
The subsequent period between 1874-1965 which covers both the Liberal and Ethical periods, at the beginning wasn't a complete break from the cultivation system. Coercion was still use, but was gradually phased out as wage labor became more important. In this period you see the gradual development of large plantations. This was most notable in the sugar industry. By 1920s, some of the sugar plantations on Java were very large. Java and Cuba supplied about 50% of the exported sugar in the world. Because of limited land and large pool of labor, Java's sugar industry was was focused on maximizing yield through using latest scientific methods, research and increase mechanization.
During this period you start to see a shift in dominance of Java to the outer islands in the export of cash crops like rubber, coffee and tea. Value of Java's coffee exports fell by 70% from 1880 to 1830. By 1930 the outer islands coffee export was twice those of Java. The same with rubber. The only export crop java was dominate in was sugar, most likely because the investment in sugar mills and factories and nature of sugar plantations in the Dutch East Indies which was labor intensive.
By the mid 19th century, Javanese begun to migrate to the outer islands and Malaya. In 1947, in Malaya out of a population 5 Million, there were 190,000 Javanese out of population of 300,000 individuals from the Dutch East Indies. Most of the Javanese came as contract labor or small land holders. Many of the Javanese travelled to Singapore and Malaya to evade Dutch quotas on who could travel to the Haj, every year.
Between the mid-19th and early 20th centuries, around 2,000 to 7,000 Javanese made the pilgrimage to Mecca annually via Singapore, The Javanese pilgrims would often work in Singapore and Malaya for months, or even years, to earn sufficient funds for their pilgrimage. On the return journey, some Javanese pilgrims would settle in Singapore or work on the island for a few years to settle their debts.
Within the Dutch East Indies itself, the first Javanese contract laborers arrived in East Sumatra (Deli) in 1880, after the Chinese and the British colonial government made it more difficult for Chinese and Tamils to work in the Dutch East Indies.
Oleh karena itu, tahun 1880 awal kedatangan buruh Jawa ke Deli, yaitu masukya 150 orang...Pada tahun 1905, diantara 33.961 orang kuli kontrak Jawa terdapat 6.290 orang perempuan...Pada tahun 1926, kuli kontrak laki-laki Jawa berjumlah 142.000 orang, sedangkan buruh wanita Jawa 52.400 orang. Namun, catatan Belanda lainnya menunjukkan tahun 1920 saja, jumlah orang Jawa di Sumatera Timur ada 353.551 orang, melebihi jumlah orang Melayu yang tercatat 285.553 orang.
The first transmigration settlement in Indonesia since Sultan's Agung settlement of West Java was setup in Desa Bagelen in Lamping in 1905. By 1940, the colonial government had sent 65,000 transmigrants from Java. From 1949-1965, Sukarno sent another 85,000 transmigrants.
The period from 1949-1965 was really a transition period for the economy on Java, it was still a plantation economy, even when Dutch and later on Chinese plantations were seized between 1957-59. The move away from a plantation economy starts in 1970s with Order Baru. There are two components to this shift, the first is the massive transmigration programs launched by the Suharto government which shipped between 4.5-5 Million people from 1966-1996 from East Java, Central Java and Bali to the outer islands. This provided the outer islands what they lacked which was manpower. What this did was develop the bulk of the plantation economy in the outer islands. Java still grew cash crops like coffee, sugar and tea, but production levels grew slowly.
Starting from the early 1970s, the yields on sugarcane dropped from 9 Metric Tonnes a Hectare to 5.74 Metric Tonnes a Hectare in 2010. In 1940 it was 17 Tonnes a hectare. The reason for this drop was prior to the 1975, farmers used irrigated sawah land to grow sugarcane, after that they increasingly used marginal non-irrigated land, as the government focused on rice self-sufficiency. Sugar cane was grown to supplement income, not as the main crop. Secondly the big drop from yields in 1940, was during the colonial period, there were large vertical sugar estates which controlled everything from growing, harvesting, milling and refining.
As it moved away from a plantation economy, there wasn't enough work to absorb the number of new workers entering the labor force.As a result, from 1980-90, the Suharto government signed formal agreements between countries outside Malaysia and Singapore, to hire Indonesian workers - Arab countries, Hong Kong and Taiwan
With the opening up of the Indonesia economy in 1986, Indonesia began to attract a lot of overseas investment to develop light manufacturing in Indonesia, particular in West Java and Batam, and to a lesser extent East Java.

MALAYIFICATION

Prior to the Dutch setting up the Cultivation System, most Javanese outside select trading and religious communities in Pesisir had little exposure to Malay. In the 17th century during Trunajaya Rebellion, the Dutch were still using Dutch-Javanese interpreters when communicating with the Mataram nobility, At least among the Mataram nobility and courtier, knowledge of Malay wasn't common. This also applied to the vast majority of Sundanese and Balinese as well. However, in Pesisir trading communities Malay was more widely used. However, by the mid 18th century this had changed. The Dutch and Javanese priyayi communicated with each other in Malay, By the 19th century, the Dutch government took greater control over the lives of ordinary Javanese and Sundanese. First there was a greater presence of Malay speakers in the interior, both Dutch, Chinese and native from other island spoke Malay. KNIL Christian soldiers from Eastern Indonesia communicated primarily in Malay, the language of communication for lower ranks of the KNIL. A creolized Malay had replaced the native tongues of the vast majority of Christian Ambonese by the 19th century. Like the VOC staff before them, most Dutch civil servants during the start of the cultivation system communicated with natives using Malay. It was only by mid-19th century were they formally trained in the languages of the people they were supposed to administer.
The education policy of the colonial government flucated, during the earlier period between 1850s, they started to setup state schools that taught in both the local languages and Malay. Of course during this time this policy only applied to the Sundanese and Javanese, and did not apply to schools in the Spice Island or Manado where they would used Malay. On java, as students progressed through the system, more Malay was used, as it was considered the lingua franca and "modern". This didn't include the pesantren and mission schools. In the pesantren,, they would be using Arabic and Javanese kawi/pegon for commentary. Prior to the 19th century, even Pesantren in Madura nad Sunda would be using Javanese. In the Catholic mission schools setup in 1890s in Central Java, the main language of instruction was Dutch, but Javanese and Malay were also taught.
While the majority of Javanese didn't start to learn Malay/Indonesian until after independence, by the period between 1900-1942,
Malay was the language of youth and modernity, of newness and experiment, and the forms of Malay that were used on Java in writing and printing were leaning on the Malay that was spoken in the urban centres of Batavia, Semarang, Solo, [and] Soerabaja rather than on the written forms that were preserved in manuscripts in the Malay heartland
Malay united the various racial groups that lived in the cities - natives, Chinese, Arabs, Eurasians and Europeans. That being said, different races would add their own words and lexicon in their use of Malay. Peranakan newspapers Sin Po (1910–1965) and Keng Po (1923–1961) would have have Hokkien loan words.
By the late 19th century, besides the Malay and Dutch newspapers,there were also Javanese publications. By the 1920s, there were Sundanese newspapers, Batak newspapers etc. Many of them continued to exist after independence, but most died off in the late 1960s and 1970s.
At the same time the Javanese nobility and middle classes (both pribumi and Chinese) preferred that their children be educated in Dutch, because a Dutch education was considered superior to a Malay education. This bias lasted until the 1957, when the Dutch medium schools were closed. I knew a person who was born in 1950, and who's father was a KNIL-TNI officer, and he went to a Dutch language kindergarten. It wasn't just a matter of Dutch being a Western language, many Javanese considered Malay to be inferior and less expressive. One of Budi Utomo's goals in 1910s was to increase availability of Dutch educated to natives. This was part of the impetus behind the Teman Siswa and Kartini Schools, which taught Javanese and Dutch.
Malayification intensified under the Japanese when they banned Dutch and some regional language publications. When the Dutch came back in 1945, Dutch schools reopened. However, Malayification continued and accelerated after independence with the expansion of public mass education with Bahasa Indonesia as the national language.

Javanese Islamization and Fragmentation (Part II)

submitted by annadpk to indonesia [link] [comments]

Feel free to read/add to this list of quotes on Religion: 1.) “Religion. It has given people hope in a world torn apart by religion.” ~ Charlie Chaplin. 2.) “Most of the people would destroy the Truth if the Truth was about to destroy their religion” ~ Lemuel K. Washburn

“When religion is weak, it asks ‘Why can’t we just agree to disagree?’ When religion is strong, it steamrolls the opposition.”
“It is a truism that almost any sect, cult, or religion will legislate its creed into law if it acquires the political power to do so, and will follow it by suppressing opposition, subverting education to seize early the minds of the young, and driving underground all heretics.” ~ Robert A. Heinlein
“Religion does three things quite effectively: Divides people, Controls people, Deludes people.” ~ Carlespie Mary Alice McKinney
“People in America look at extreme Muslims, and how they are brainwashed, but not at themselves.” ~ Heath Gresham
“The world is divided into armed camps ready to commit genocide just because we can’t agree on whose fairy tales to believe.” ~ Ed Krebs
“You are basically killing each other to see who has got the better imaginary friend. ~ Richard Jeni
“Those who can make you believe absurdity can make you commit atrocity.” ~ Voltaire
Morality:
“Morality comes from humanism and is stolen by religion for its own purposes.” ~ Christopher Hitchens
“Religion attacks us in our deepest integrity by saying we wouldn’t be able to make a moral decision without it.” ~ Christopher Hitchens
“Altruism is a human standard, not a godly one.” ~ Edward Adam Jackson
“Religious belief is not a precondition either of ethical conduct or of happiness.” ~ Dalai Lama
“Developing love and compassion and reducing anger and spite is a universal activity which requires no faith in any religion whatsoever” ~ Dalai Lama
“I refuse to be labeled immoral merely because I am godless.” ~ Peter Walker
“God the abusive spouse – If you show you love me and always obey me, I’ll love you back… and I won’t have to hurt you.” ~ Rosa Rubicondior
“Why should I allow that same God to tell me how to raise my kids, who had to drown His own?” ~ Robert G. Ingersoll
The afterlife:
“If people are good only because they fear punishment, and hope for reward, then we are a sorry lot indeed.” ~ Albert Einstein
“You are a good person because you fear damnation, I’m a good person without obligation.” ~ Guillermo Garcia Cruz
“No man who ever lived knows any more about the hereafter than you and I.” ~ Edgar Allan Poe
“Eternal suffering awaits anyone who questions God’s infinite love.” ~ Bill Hicks
“Being a Humanist means trying to behave decently without expectation of rewards or punishment after you are dead.” ~ Kurt Vonnegut
“It’s an incredible con job when you think about it, to believe something now in exchange for something after death.” ~ Gloria Steinem
“It is a terrible crime convincing millions to forgo truly living this life in trade for an after-death fantasy they’ll never receive.” ~ Scott Hurst
“If you really believe that death leads to eternal bliss, then why are you wearing a seat belt?” ~ Doug Stanhope
“If the Bible is mistaken in telling us where we came from, how can we trust it to tell us where we’re going?” ~ Justin Brown
“Be thankful that you have a life, and forsake your vain and presumptuous desire for a second one.” ~ Richard Dawkins
Integrity:
“There is no humility in religion. The belief that the creator of the universe is taking a personal interest in you is deeply egotistical.” ~ Jack York
“I distrust those people who know so well what God wants them to do because it always coincides with their own desires.” ~ Susan B. Anthony
“Religion is the refuge of the morally weak and the intellectually lazy.” ~ Craig Smith
“Belief in the supernatural reflects a failure of the imagination.” ~ Edward Abbey
Human progress:
“A faith which cannot survive collision with the truth is not worth many regrets” ~ Arthur C. Clarke
“There once was a time when all people believed in God and the church ruled. This time was called the Dark Ages.” ~ Richard Lederer
“Religion and blind faith are some of the greatest impediments ever to human learning and progress.” ~ Unknown
“People who harbor strong convictions without evidence belong at the margins of our societies, not in our halls of power.” ~ Sam Harris
“No discovery, no advancement of understanding was ever achieved by prayer or faith, only through effort and exploration.” ~ Craig Smith
“I look forward to the day the cross sits discarded beside the swastika as just another reminder of the dangers of blind faith.” ~ Craig Smith
“Religion is a bad answer to a good question.” ~ Unknown
“Tolerance becomes a crime when applied to evil.” ~ Thomas Mann
“Being an atheist feels like being the only sober person in a car full of drunk people, and they refuse to let you drive.” ~ Unknown
“Nothing in life is to be feared. It is only to be understood.” ~ Marie Curie
“Life should be built on modern truths, not medieval superstitions.” ~ Unknown
“It is far better to grasp the universe as it really is than to persist in delusion, however satisfying and reassuring.” ~ Carl Sagan
“The majority of thinking men are atheists.” ~ Ernest Hemingway
“Truth, however shocking or uncomfortable, in the end leads to liberation and dignity.” ~ Ricky Gervais
“Christians fight with guns. Muslims fight with explosives. Atheists fight with knowledge.” ~ Nikos Loxas
“Let religion compete in the marketplace for ideas, not seek shelter behind special privileges.” ~ The Economist
Clergy:
“The first clergyman was the first rascal who met the first fool” ~ Voltaire
“As people become more intelligent they care less for preachers and more for teachers.” ~ Robert G. Ingersoll
“There is in every village a torch – the teacher; and an extinguisher – the clergyman.” ~ Victor Hugo
“Religion is regarded by the common people as true, by the wise as false, and by the rulers as useful.” ~ Edward Gibbon
Claiming knowledge:
“Faith is the false certainty of pretending to know what nobody can. I don’t want to lie to myself, so I cannot have faith.”
“Religion happens when humans need comfort for their inability to understand reality.” ~ Mark Zvaleko
“Where knowledge ends, religion begins.” ~ Benjamin Disraeli
“Religion requires no skill what so ever; just credulity, a soft head and the unconscious yearn to know absolutely nothing.” ~ Phiwe Nkonki
“I am against religion because it teaches us to be satisfied with NOT understanding the world.” ~ Richard Dawkins
“Religious faith not only lacks evidence; its independence from evidence is its pride and joy, shouted from the rooftops.” ~ Richard Dawkins
“I believe in what there is. Nothing more. Nothing less.” ~ Janet Lee
“So far as I can remember, there is not one word in the Gospels in praise of intelligence.” ~ Bertrand Russell
“What is reasonable about believing in provably false fairy tales?” ~ Craig Smith
“A lie is a lie even if everyone believes it. The truth is the truth even if nobody believes it.” ~ David Stevens
“You can safely assume that you’ve created God in your own image when it turns out that God hates all the same people you do.” ~ Anne Lamott
“Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence” ~ Carl Sagan
“What can be asserted without proof can be dismissed without proof.” ~ Christopher Hitchens
Dogma:
“Be wary of any story that comes with these two instructions: 1) This is absolutely true. 2) It is evil to check the veracity of rule 1.”
“God should know people can’t be trusted with religion.” ~ Jessie Herrera
“The constant assertion of belief is an indication of fear.” ~ Jiddu Krishnamurti
“Blasphemy is a victimless crime.” ~ Richard Dawkins
“Skepticism is the highest duty and blind faith the one unpardonable sin.” ~ Thomas Huxley
“Faith is the unflagging determination to remain ignorant in the face of any and all evidence that you’re ignorant.” ~ S. Mason
“He that will not reason is a bigot; he that cannot reason is a fool; he that dares not reason is a slave.” ~ William Drummond
Faith:
“I am a person of faith: I am a person who will believe practically anything on no evidence at all.” ~ Christopher Hitchens
“Doesn’t it bother you that you put more logical thought into choosing a car than you do in choosing a god?” ~ Unknown
“If the only way you can accept an assertion is by faith, then you are conceding that it can’t be taken on its own merits.” ~ Dan Barker
“When one person suffers from a delusion, it is called insanity. When many people suffer from a delusion it is called religion.” ~ Robert Pirsig
“Faith is believing something you know ain’t true.” ~ Mark Twain
“The fact that a believer is happier than a skeptic is no more to the point than the fact that a drunken man is happier than a sober one.” ~ George Bernard Shaw
“You can not convince a believer of anything; for their belief is not based on evidence, it is based on a deep-seated need to believe.” ~ Unknown
“Believing is easier than thinking. Hence so many more believers than thinkers.” ~ Bruce Calvert
Reason & science:
“Science: trying to find the answers. Religion: making them up.” ~ T. Z. Butler
“Science adjusts its views based on what’s observed. Faith is the denial of observation so that belief can be preserved.” ~ Tim Minchin
“The wonderful thing about science is that it doesn’t ask for your faith, it just asks for your eyes, and for you to use your mind.”
“Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored.” ~ Aldous Huxley
“Truth does not demand belief. Scientists do not join hands every Sunday, singing, ‘Yes, gravity is real! I will have faith!'” ~ Dan Barker
“To surrender to ignorance and call it God has always been premature, and it remains premature today.” ~ Isaac Asimov
“There must be a God, because I don’t know how things work.” ~ Stephen Colbert
“Theology is never any help; it is searching in a dark cellar at midnight for a black cat that isn’t there.” ~ Robert Heinlein
“Gods are fragile things; they may be killed by a whiff of science or a dose of common sense.” ~ Chapman Cohen
“I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason and intellect, has intended us to forego their use.” ~ Galileo
“A lie is a lie even if everyone believes it. The truth is the truth even if nobody believes it.” ~ David Stevens
Scripture:
“…the Bible is such a book of lies and contradictions there is no knowing which part to believe or whether any.” ~ Thomas Paine
“No man ever believes that the Bible means what it says; he is always convinced that it says what he means.” ~ George Bernard Shaw
“The Holy Bible. Promoting ignorance and superstition for nearly 2000 years.”
“We must question the story logic of having an all-knowing all-powerful God, who creates faulty Humans, and then blames them for his own mistakes.” ~ Gene Roddenberry
“It will yet be the proud boast of women that they never contributed a line to the Bible.” ~ George W. Foote
“The Quran says Jihad (holy war) is Hillal (acceptable, lawful, legal)” ~ Ere Thomas
“Man created God in his image: intolerant, sexist, homophobic and violent.” ~ Marie de France
“Who needs Satan when you have a God like this?” ~ Robert M. Price
“Belief in a cruel God makes a cruel man.” ~ Thomas Paine
“For someone who is supposed to be perfect, we have to make an awful lot of excuses for Him.” ~ Unknown
Prayer:
“The sailor does not pray for wind, he learns to sail.” ~ Gustaf Lindbor
“Pray to God, fine; but keep rowing to shore.” ~ Russian proverb
“Two hands working can do more than a thousand clasped in prayer.” ~ Unknown
“Try lighting your house by prayer instead of electricity and see which one works.” ~ A. C. Grayling, philosopher
“I still say a church steeple with a lightning rod on top shows a lack of confidence.” ~ Doug McLeod
“The key to praying is talking to yourself and pretending someone intelligent is listening.” ~ Craig Smith
The founding fathers of the USA:
“Lighthouses are more helpful than churches.” ~ Benjamin Franklin
“In the affairs of the world, men are saved, not by faith, but by the lack of it.” ~ Benjamin Franklin
“Religious bondage shackles and debilitates the mind and unfits it for every noble enterprise.” ~ James Madison
“Ecclesiastical establishments tend to great ignorance and corruption” ~ James Madison
“Preachers dread the advance of science as witches do the approach of daylight.” ~ Thomas Jefferson
“In every country and every age, the priest has been hostile to liberty.” ~ Thomas Jefferson
“History, I believe, furnishes no example of a priest-ridden people maintaining a free civil government.” ~ Thomas Jefferson
“Christianity neither is, nor ever was, a part of the Common Law.” ~ Thomas Jefferson
We discover in the gospel a groundwork of vulgar ignorance” ~ Thomas Jefferson
“Let the human mind loose. It must be loose. It will be loose. Superstition and dogmatism cannot confine it.” ~ John Adams
“Have you considered that system of holy lies and pious frauds that has raged and triumphed for 1,500 years?” ~ John Adams
“The study of theology, as it stands in the Christian churches, is the study of nothing.” ~ Thomas Paine
“The Bible is not my book, nor Christianity my profession.” ~ Abraham Lincoln
“I am approached with the most opposite opinions and advice, and that by religious men, who are equally certain that they represent the Divine will. I hope it will not be irreverent for me to say that if it is probable that God would reveal His will to others, on a point so connected with my duty, it might be supposed that He would reveal it directly to me […] These are not, however, the days of miracles […] I must study the plain, physical facts of the case, ascertain what is possible, and learn what appears to be wise and right.” ~ Abraham Lincoln
“The government of the USA is not in any sense founded on the Christian religion.” ~ 1796 Tripoli treaty
submitted by Mac-__ to exmormon [link] [comments]

Indonesian Review of InziderX Exchange

Indonesian Review of InziderX Exchange
Indonesian Review of InziderX Exchange - from one of our Bounty members - thanks to indocafe!!
https://preview.redd.it/3ws4hnaf5mr11.png?width=960&format=png&auto=webp&s=158ae4627e1a050475467ac24b5e30f02eb24344

Pasar OTC Tempat Leverage Terdesentralisasi
Foto InziderX.

VISI KAMI
InziderX adalah pasar OTC tempat leverage terdesentralisasi di mana Anda dapat menukar 20 aset digital teratas secara pribadi dan tanpa verifikasi. Transaksi dilakukan di antara orang dalam anonim, dompet ke dompet menggunakan Atom Swap. Likuiditas disediakan oleh sistem relay berdasarkan teknologi Lightning Network.
User friendly, terminal InziderX dikhususkan untuk para pedagang aktif dan algoritma mencari pengejaran dan eksekusi kualitas. Platform kami akan menyediakan alat untuk membantu mereka menerapkan strategi mereka dengan jenis pesanan yang kompleks, paket grafik Pro-trading dan memajukan perintah API.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wZYPIYic8Uo
https://preview.redd.it/cg4iu5lh5mr11.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=2a27ea5e101be5ab9c1b858f40a7b5d678677a37

KARAKTERISTIK
DESENTRALISASI EXCHANGE
Teknologi pertukaran kami berbasis dompet - Dapp. Ini aman dengan desain.
Karena Anda memiliki benih dompet Anda dan tidak ada honeypot untuk diretas, Anda dapat yakin dana Anda aman.
Yang Anda perlukan untuk memulai perdagangan adalah dengan menahan aset Anda ke dalam dompet multi-aset.
Tidak ada prasasti, verifikasi atau pembatasan.


https://i.redd.it/xupli06l5mr11.gif


JARINGAN LIGHTNING
Dengan memasukkan likuiditas dari sentralisasi bursa yang lebih besar dan pemain besar lainnya melalui Lightning Network, kami mendapatkan yang terbaik dari kedua dunia.
Keamanan desentralisasi dan likuiditas sentralisasi.
Jadi menciptakan jendela tentang apa yang akan menjadi masa depan besok:
Dunia jaringan - pasar pasar.

https://i.redd.it/fcoe4kim5mr11.gif


ADVANCE TRADING TOOLS
Fokus platform kami adalah pada perdagangan aktif dan algoritma.
Dengan memberikan jenis perintah kompleks akses, paket grafik Pro-trading dan perintah API lanjutan.
Kami akan menyediakan alat yang hilang yang digunakan pedagang di terminal Forex terbaru:
Margin, pendanaan perdagangan, short selling, jenis posisi FX, hedging.

https://preview.redd.it/oanp1yao5mr11.png?width=200&format=png&auto=webp&s=00b3ab8a3be6ed97424c9a468426bcc5792575da


PERDAGANGAN KOMUNITAS
Komunitas adalah kuncinya dan itulah mengapa InziderX akan memberi imbalan kepada para pedagang dengan banyak program.
Di forum di blockchain kedua untuk tips trader dan analisis pribadi, komunitas akan dapat belajar sendiri cara paling maju dalam trading.
Kontes untuk trader terbaik, program layanan sinyal, dan perubahan voting untuk pengembangan platform.
Menjadi seorang inzider, bergabunglah dengan komunitas!

https://preview.redd.it/y18zal8q5mr11.png?width=198&format=png&auto=webp&s=8a97bfae15f3a221168716582627824d44520df7


PERTUKARAN
Alat terminal perdagangan paling maju digabungkan dengan teknologi terbaruInziderX adalah jendela pedagang di pasar besok

https://preview.redd.it/dx96d8zr5mr11.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=7edcee25fddee75bc9c458f17a02bee2d2e130c4


MARGIN & PENDANAAN PERDAGANGANPengguna dapat meminjam jumlah dana yang diinginkan untuk memasuki posisi margin. Pendanaan pesanan pengguna lain menyediakan cara untuk mendapatkan laba.
JENIS PESANAN KOMPLEKSMemiliki stop loss dan order take profit menempel pada entri memungkinkan Anda menetapkan tingkat pengambilan profit dan membatasi risiko terlebih dahulu. Anda sekarang dapat duduk, menonton, dan bersantai.
PAKET GRAFIK PRO TRADINGMengintegrasikan paket grafik Tradingview terbaru dengan lebih dari 50 alat gambar, 100 indikator dan osilator. Hapus dan tunjukan grafik untuk analisis terbaik.
ALGORITME MEMUNGKINKAN APICara mudah dan efisien untuk membangun strategi perdagangan otomatis dengan semua perintah untuk mengontrol dompet Anda dan banyak lagi. Kemungkinannya tidak terbatas.
INTEGRASI DOMPET HDJangan pernah mengekspos kunci pribadi Anda dengan menjaganya agar tetap aman di bawah cold storage dengan integrasi dompet HD seperti Ledger Nano S atau MetaMask.
PROGRAM PEMBUAT PASARBiaya perdagangan dan program hadiah yang lebih rendah untuk pedagang bervolume besar akan mendukung likuiditas, spread yang ketat dan selip yang rendah.
KOMUNITAS PEMBELAJARAN AKTIFPedagang mengajar pedagang lain, bertukar ide, strategi, algoritma. Dapatkan imbalan atas kontribusi Anda. Komunitas adalah kuncinya.
KONTES TRADERTunjukkan kami strategi dan algoritme terbaik Anda, tulis dompet Anda untuk perekaman sinyal masuk. Dapatkan imbalan dari komunitas untuk kontribusi Anda.
PERDAGANGAN SINYALPedagang terbaik dari Kontes Trader memberikan sinyal kepada pengguna lain dan mendapatkan imbalan untuk itu. Pilih penyedia sinyal Anda dengan profil risiko dan waktu memegangnya.
PROGRAM HADIAHBerikan imbalan kepada Market Maker, kepada para pemenang Kontes Pedagang, penyedia sinyal dan orang-orang yang berkontribusi paling banyak kepada masyarakat.
SUARA KOMUNITASApa modifikasi selanjutnya yang harus kita lihat di bursa kami, beri tahu kami melalui program voting. Pengembang kami mendengarkan.
PESAN TERENKRIPSI DAN TIDAK BISA DILACAKDompet ini mencakup sistem pesan terenkripsi dan tidak dapat dilacak yang didasarkan pada blockchain. Grup dapat berbagi wawasan real-time.
MASA DEPAN
InziderX adalah awal dari visi baru - Desentralisasi Sejati.
Transaksi dilakukan P2P, dompet ke dompet, tanpa kontrol atau pengaruh pihak ketiga. Swap atom memberikan keamanan dan likuiditas Jaringan Petir.
Tidak mungkin untuk menurunkan nilai tukar, karena tidak ada server. Data benar-benar terdesentralisasi di seluruh buku besar blockchain terdistribusi sehingga tidak dapat dicuri atau rusak.
Tidak ada prasasti, verifikasi atau pembatasan. Unduh dompet kami dan mulailah berdagang. Sesederhana itu.
Dompetnya adalah pertukaran!
KERTAS PUTIH
The Whitepaper InziderX menjelaskan secara rinci karakteristik baik dari pertukaran kamiBerkontribusi untuk ICO kami dan mengambil bagian dalam masa depan pertukaran perdagangan aset digital - Desentralisasi yang benar
KERTAS PUTIH
The Whitepaper InziderX menjelaskan secara rinci karakteristik baik dari pertukaran desentralisasi kami
EKONOMI
Ekonomi - penawaran, softcap, hardcap, opsi pra-penjualan, bonus dan alokasi dana
SATU PAGER
Dapatkan gambaran singkat tentang proyek-proyek InziderX dalam mode power point
PROGRAM BOUNTY
Jadilah bagian dari promosi ICO InziderX dan dapatkan imbalan di INX. Beberapa program hadiah terbuka!

TERJEMAHAN & DOKUMEN LAIN
PETA JALAN
November 2017STUDI TEKNOLOGI - SEDANG BERLANGSUNGBeberapa tes dan studi dilakukan pada teknologi terbaru
Maret 2018TULISAN PUTIH - DILENGKAPIMenetapkan visi Pertukaran InziderX
Juli hingga Desember 2018INX SALE - ICOKemitraan untuk EcoSystem masa depan
Desember 2018FORUM KOMUNITAS INZIDERXAktivasi forum & distribusi INC
Febuary 2019DISTRIBUSI INXRilis dompet dan distribusi INX
Juli 2019RILIS INZIDERX EXCHANGE PERTAMAKarakteristik dasar
Januari 2020PENGEMBANGAN KOMUNITASReward, kontes & program sinyal
Febuary 2020IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM VOTINGKomunitas mengambil kendali
Mars 2020SARAN KOMUNITASPelaksanaan
Juni 2020PERTUKARAN INZIDERXSemua karakteristik sepenuhnya diaktifkan
Juli 2020KOMUNITAS INZIDERXSemua karakteristik sepenuhnya diaktifkan
Agustus 2020MENDENGARKAN KOMUNITASSedang berlangsung
TEMUI TIMGagasan itu tak terkalahkan tetapi membutuhkan tim yang hebat untuk dicapai.

MITRA
Untuk Informasi lebih luas bisa Klik di bawah ini :
WEBSITE - ANN - WHITEPAPER - TWITTER - FACEBOOK - STEEMIT - TELEGRAM
USERNAME PROFIL BTT : INDOCAFE
submitted by InziderX to u/InziderX [link] [comments]

Salazar Slytherin and the Prisoner of Homerun to Flyball Ratios.

Danny Salazar is an immensely talented pitcher on one of the top teams in all of The Show. Yet here we are watching Salazar give up homers much like Tanaka, but Salazar is doing so with an insane K rate sitting at 13.21 per 9. All can agree that Salazar has talent and can pitch lights out at times, but his issues with the deep ball have been noted for awhile as well. But Salazar has a three pronged issue himself that seems to be contributing to his recent rough patch. Firstly a combo of walk rate and his homer to flyball ratio, but you probably caught onto that second part with my puntasticly bad title dedicated to my wife's love of all things Potter. Second is ground ball rate, an oft underappreciated rate. Lastly pitch choices, meaning percentages, yet again rear their ugly head to explain why Danny Salazar could be on pace for a career high number of home runs served up.
Let the Eagle Soar
Sir Salazar is serving up home runs faster than Jeni's Ice Cream serves up Listeria in 2017. He sits at a 24.4% home run to flyball ratio which is .1% away from Masahiro Tanaka's equally dreadful ratio. If you've read my other write ups on here I tend to focus on what would seem to be more detailed things like pitch choices and percentages compared to delivery issues or situations. I do this because a pitcher's choice on what to throw and when to throw it are extremely important and a mix of pitches can lead to strikeouts, walks or even home runs if they get to predictable. Salazar is really talented so looking at his pitch choices can lead to a few conclusions. I will get into the pitch choice percentages later, for now I will focus on walks and home runs specifically.
Salazar is mirroring 2016 in numerous ways. Firstly his walk rate is a bit higher now (4.40 BB/9) than in 2016 (4.13 BB/9), his left on base percentage too is similar (75.1% now, 76.4% in 2016) and his strikeout rate is still astronomical. Actually its better now (13.21 K/9) than in 2016 (10.55 K/9) by a healthy margin. That 13.21 strikeout ratio is actually better than Chris Sale's right now (12.02 K/9). Salazar's numbers right now are comparable to his 2013 rookie season in ways as well.
2013 line: 10 games started, 52 IP, 44 hits, 18 earned runs, 7 HRs, 15 walks and 65 K's.
2016 line: 9 games started, 47 IP, 49 hits, 29 earned runs, 11 HRs, 23 walks and 69 K's.
Just looking here you can see the issue. Runs, home runs and walks. Yeah, I know its really basic to point out, but the difference in the amount of hits given up is meager thus meaning that the hits he IS giving up are more meaningful and, since he is a strikeout pitcher, he is a throw against contact pitcher thus he is throwing quite a few balls. Yet looking at his heat chart over the last month and a half we can see that he is really throwing right down the alley. Over 25% of his pitches are going right down the middle of the plate. Not the corners, not the hard sides, quite literally down the middle. He is also hitting the left outside, out of the strike zone, with about 13% of his pitches. He's throwing a ton more to the outside left (on the side of a left handed batter) than to the right. He's getting a ton of strikeouts in part by getting batters to whiff at outside (or inside for lefties) pitches. This means that 38% of his pitches are either outside the box to the left or right down the gullet. Those outside left heavy pitches though are getting swinging strikes when he paints the left corner. He is getting just around 30% swings with those pitches total. In some areas he is getting upwards of 54%. That's insane. He has a solid fastball and changeup combo, but the problem is he has become a pitcher that relies almost solely on those two. He doesn't use his slider or curveball much so far this year and that leads in part to his getting lit up. It's hard to go 6 or 7 innings with just two pitches. Even if you only use that third one 8%-10% it still leaves the hitter waiting for it, but Salazar uses his slider only 5.5% of the time and his curve only 6.4% of the time. Compare that to his fastball, 56.3%, and his change-up, 31.9%.
Ground em up
Salazar has been having issues with walks, but his issues with inducing grounders to me is far more scary. Grounders usually lead to easy outs and double plays, but Salazar has reverted to his 2013 and 2014 numbers sitting at 36%. Last season he had a really nice 47.8% and was above 40% in 2015 as well. Why is this so important for Salazar? Because he tends to be flyball pitcher who keeps giving up homeruns left and right. Since Salazar has reduced himself into a two pitch pitcher it only escalates the problem. He is simply trying to flamethrow his way around batters with the occasional change-up to get them swinging early. It works really well for Salazar... until it doesn't. He is back to averaging under 1 grounder per flyball much like in 2013 and 2014. His two seam fastball is getting owned (-5.6 pitch value) and he is unable to make up for it with his change up (2.3 in 17') like he did the past two years (13.6 in 15', 12.5 in 16'). Since I have already started let's move onto the final point to make.
choices, choices, choices
I've talked about his pitch decisions a lot already. What I also want to point out is he is getting the highest swinging strike percentage of his career this year (15.8%) and his first pitch strike percentage is still hovering just below 60% percent. Part of the reason for his strikeout surge is due in part to his contact percentages on outside pitches being insanely low 45.8%. The lowest of his career I might add. Batters are swinging a full percent more in the zone against Salazar, but making less contact. Mix his swings outside the zone (30.9%) and the lowest contact outside the zone of his career (45.8%) and you can see where he is getting those strikeouts, but he's only got one quality start in the past 6 starts and that game is the only one he's gone at least 6 innings as well. We're talking he gets lit for 3-5 runs in about 4 innings, but nails down 5+ strikeouts. This is normal for him right now and he's in a funk of giving up hits at poor times. He is essentially a Russian roulette pitcher. He can give you the game of your life or immediately put you in the hole for 4 runs. He is basically Homer Bailey with a great K rate. Yeah, I cringed too.
What can we conclude
A lot of it is mental for Salazar and becoming predictable at times due to it. He gets himself into trouble early and tends to give up a handful of hits while still being able to strikeout two batters on the way to the third out. He's factored into the decision for 7 of the 9 games he has started and sits at 3-4. Usually wins and losses are wasteful stats to use cause they don't tell the tale, but in this instance his record speaks for itself. Right now he's an elite strikeout pitcher who is average or below average in every other area of pitching. So long as he walks nearly 5 per 9 innings and gives up 2 or more home runs he will continue having an inflated ERA. If he rights himself we are looking at a slightly north or south of 4.00 ERA pitcher. He needs to cut his home run rate in half if he wants to make any progress and cut his walks by 1.50 per 9 or more.
Time will tell for Salazar and over the next month we will see (really about 5 starts total) where he's at. If he continues to rely solely on a 4-seamer, 2-seamer and change-up almost exclusively then not much will change. But if he starts using his slider and curveball about 2-4% more and attempts to fool batters looking for a down the pipeline heater then he could find a drop in home runs. The walk issue is something he needs to work on, but Salazar's history shows bad signs. His second half of each season shows him giving up nearly a .300 batting average or more whereas he tends to have a below .240 batting average in the first half. Getting as low as .203 last season in his first 104.2 innings pitched. The problem with Salazar is that he is a first half pitcher and not a second half pitcher so even if he rights his ship he is still going to be a strikeout reliant pitcher who has a rather high ERA. He is a better version of fellow teammates Trevor Bauer and Josh Tomlin in that while his K rate is always fantastic, he has major issues keeping runs from coming in and balls from going yard.
Survey says: wait for him to have a good outing and trade him or look to a pitcher starved team and move him. Either way, sell sell sell.
edit: couple spelling errors
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Fungsi Moving Average High & Low BBMA [ENGULFING] Daily and H4 Support Resistance CARA LOGIN KE METATRADER 4 ANDROID Apa Perbedaan MARGIN TRADING + FUTURES TRADING + SPOT TRADING Di SnapEx?! #SnapEx #Leverage #Bitcoin Trading margin. Trading kedudukan - YouTube

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Fungsi Moving Average High & Low BBMA

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